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Financial Market

Definition: Financial Market refers to a marketplace, where creation and trading of financial assets, such as shares, debentures, bonds, derivatives, currencies, etc. take place. It plays a crucial role in allocating limited resources, in the country’s economy. It acts as an intermediary between the savers and investors by mobilising funds between them.

Folk Song “Horse-Head Fiddle On A Deck”(Wang Hongwei)
1.超强领导力和清晰远见

Functions of Financial Market

根据康奈尔大学、英士国际商学院和世界知识产权组织联合发布的这一份报告,这使得中国成为中等收入经济体中该指标的领先者,紧随其后的是已经超过巴西的印度。

  • It facilitates mobilisation of savings and puts it to the most productive uses.
  • It helps in determining the price of the securities. The frequent interaction between investors helps in fixing the price of securities, on the basis of their demand and supply in the market.
  • It provides liquidity to tradable assets, by facilitating the exchange, as the investors can readily sell their securities and convert assets into cash.
  • It saves the time, money and efforts of the parties, as they don’t have to waste resources to find probable buyers or sellers of securities. Further, it reduces cost by providing valuable information, regarding the securities traded in the financial market.

The financial market may or may not have a physical location, i.e. the exchange of asset between the parties can also take place over the internet or phone also.

Classification of Financial Market

classification of financiak market

  1. By Nature of Claim
    • Debt Market: The market where fixed claims or debt instruments, such as debentures or bonds are bought and sold between investors.
    • Equity Market: Equity market is a market wherein the investors deal in equity instruments. It is the market for residual claims.
  2. By Maturity of Claim
    • Money Market: The market where monetary assets such as commercial paper, certificate of deposits, treasury bills, etc. which mature within a year, are traded is called money market. It is the market for short-term funds. No such market exist physically; the transactions are performed over a virtual network, i.e. fax, internet or phone.
    • Capital Market: The market where medium and long term financial assets are traded in the capital market. It is divided into two types:
      • Primary Market: A financial market, wherein the company listed on an exchange, for the first time, issues new security or already listed company brings the fresh issue.
      • Secondary Market: Alternately known as the Stock market, a secondary market is an organised marketplace, wherein already issued securities are traded between investors, such as individuals, merchant bankers, stockbrokers and mutual funds.
  3. By Timing of Delivery
    • Cash Market: The market where the transaction between buyers and sellers are settled in real-time.
    • Futures Market: Futures market is one where the delivery or settlement of commodities takes place at a future specified date.
  4. By Organizational Structure
    • Exchange-Traded Market: A financial market, which has a centralised organisation with the standardised procedure.
    • Over-the-Counter Market: An OTC is characterised by a decentralised organisation, having customised procedures.

吉尔伯特表示,对可穿戴设备的不断试验十分重要,但是现在短期内,人们还需要探讨一下:“技术的演进以及企业的研发力量共同推动了现有可穿戴产品的发展,但它们是否真的能够满足用户的需求;各公司又是否需要探索不同的合作模式,让可穿戴设备不仅限于早期使用者的圈子,而是被主流人群所接受”。
“我跟她很像,我们真的就像一对老夫妇。”
“Welcome to Me” (Shira Piven)
Farewell to Cassini

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